Archive for the ‘physics’ category: Page 2

Oct 10, 2021

Astrophysicists explain the origin of unusually heavy neutron star binaries

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

A new study showing how the explosion of a stripped massive star in a supernova can lead to the formation of a heavy neutron star or a light black hole resolves one of the most challenging puzzles to emerge from the detection of neutron star mergers by the gravitational wave observatories LIGO and Virgo.

The first detection of gravitational waves by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in 2017 was a star merger that mostly conformed to the expectations of astrophysicists. But the second detection, in 2,019 was a merger of two whose combined mass was unexpectedly large.

“It was so shocking that we had to start thinking about how to create a heavy neutron star without making it a pulsar,” said Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at UC Santa Cruz.

Oct 10, 2021

Faster-Than-Light Travel Is Possible Within Einstein’s Physics, Astrophysicist Shows

Posted by in category: physics

For decades, we’ve dreamed of visiting other star systems. There’s just one problem – they’re so far away, with conventional spaceflight it would take tens of thousands of years to reach even the closest one.

Physicists are not the kind of people who give up easily, though. Give them an impossible dream, and they’ll give you an incredible, hypothetical way of making it a reality. Maybe.

Continue reading “Faster-Than-Light Travel Is Possible Within Einstein’s Physics, Astrophysicist Shows” »

Oct 10, 2021

Nobel Prize for physics winner shaped observing mission

Posted by in categories: climatology, physics, sustainability

Professor Hasselmann developed a method for satellite ocean wave measurements.

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics laureate Klaus Hasselmann helped to shape a ground-breaking Earth-observation mission that paved the way for the modern study of our planet’s environment.

The German oceanographer and climate modeler was awarded the coveted prize for his contribution to the physical modeling of Earth’s climate that has enabled scientists to quantify the climate’s natural variability and better predict climate change. Hasselman won half of the 2021 Nobel Prize for Physics last week, with the other half shared by scientists Syukuro Manabe and Giorgio Parisi for their own research on disorder and fluctuations in physical systems.

Continue reading “Nobel Prize for physics winner shaped observing mission” »

Oct 10, 2021

The Expanse Gets Artificial Gravity Right in This Neat Trick

Posted by in categories: physics, space travel

In a scene from season one, Jim Holden shows exquisite command of high school physics as he maneuvers himself onto a spaceship gangway.

As a fan of science fiction and science, I have to say that The Expanse has a bunch of great science. It’s not just the science in the show. The characters also seem to demonstrate an understanding of physics. One scene from the first season stands out in particular as a classic physics example.

I guess I should give a spoiler alert, but I’m not really giving away any major plot elements. But you have been warned.

Continue reading “The Expanse Gets Artificial Gravity Right in This Neat Trick” »

Oct 10, 2021

The Physics of Magnetic Boots from “The Expanse”

Posted by in categories: physics, space travel

Would we act as naturally inside a spacecraft immobile in space as in the series?

Whenever I watch “The Expanse,” I pay attention to the physics. As the production is meticulous — if you notice the scenes where whiskey is served on the Moon this last season, you will see that the liquid falls according to lunar gravity’s acceleration — I always have some good surprises. Unfortunately, the series is taped on Earth, so some things would be too expensive to reproduce convincingly.

Oct 9, 2021

Jeffrey Shainline: Neuromorphic Computing and Optoelectronic Intelligence | Lex Fridman Podcast #225

Posted by in categories: physics, robotics/AI

Jeffrey Shainline is a physicist at NIST. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors:
- Stripe:
- Codecademy: and use code LEX to get 15% off.
- Linode: to get $100 free credit.
- BetterHelp: to get 10% off.

Note: Opinions expressed by Jeff do not represent NIST.

Continue reading “Jeffrey Shainline: Neuromorphic Computing and Optoelectronic Intelligence | Lex Fridman Podcast #225” »

Oct 8, 2021

Project Orion: Detonating Nuclear Bombs For Thrust

Posted by in categories: chemistry, military, physics, space travel

Circa 2018 o.o

Rockets with nuclear bombs for propulsion sounds like a Wile E. Coyote cartoon, but it has been seriously considered as an option for the space program. Chemical rockets combust a fuel with an oxidizer within themselves and exhaust the result out the back, causing the rocket to move in the opposite direction. What if instead, you used the higher energy density of nuclear fission by detonating nuclear bombs?

Continue reading “Project Orion: Detonating Nuclear Bombs For Thrust” »

Oct 8, 2021

New research adds knowledge on the creation and evolution of the universe

Posted by in categories: computing, cosmology, physics

The Computational Cosmology group of the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics (DAA) of Valencia University (UV) has published an article in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, one of the international journals with the greatest impact in Astrophysics, which shows, with complex theoretical-computational models, that cosmic voids are constantly replenished with external matter.

“This totally unexpected result can have transcendental implications, not only for our understanding of the large-scale structure of the , but on the settings for the creation and evolution of galaxies,” explains Vicente Quilis, director at the DAA and head researcher for the project.

“Cosmic voids are the largest structures in the cosmos, and knowledge on their creation and evolution is essential to understand the of the universe,” says Susana Planelles, co-director of the research. Studying them as a physical occurrence has always been extremely complex precisely due to being large volumes with very low material content. From an observational point of view, analyzing the few existing items inside them is very hard, and the theoretical modeling of these occurrences is no less complex, which is why highly simplified descriptions of these structures are used.

Oct 6, 2021

Type V: Technically in the lab scientists have created mini universes so we are closer to a type 5 civilization than we realize

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

A Type V civilization would be advanced enough to to escape their universe of origin and explore the multiverse. Such a civilization would have mastered technology to a point where they could simulate or build a custom universe. They will have mastered the new laws of physics and have almost complete control over the fabric of reality. Now, humanity is basically impossible to destroy by its own inhabitants, which has reached the decillions. The Q Continuum from Star Trek The Daleks and Time Lord.

Oct 6, 2021

The Warm Glow of our Cool Universe (Live Public Talk)

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

In order to explore the mysteries of our universe, we need to look at it in different ways. Astrophysics missions like SPHEREx and Euclid will use infrared astronomy to deepen our knowledge of unseen phenomena, such as inflation and dark matter. Join us as we explore how infrared observations are changing our understanding of the cosmos and its origins.

–Dida Markovic, Research Scientist, NASA/JPL
–Dr. Phil Korngut, Research Scientist at Caltech.
SPHEREx instrument scientist.

Continue reading “The Warm Glow of our Cool Universe (Live Public Talk)” »

Page 2 of 15812345678Last