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Nov 21, 2021

In World First, Scientists Turn Carbon Dioxide Back Into Coal

Posted by in categories: innovation, sustainability

When it comes to carbon capture and storage, researchers have been getting creative by turning carbon dioxide into everything from carbon monoxide (CO) for the use in industrial processes to oxalic acid for processing rare earth elements. Now, it seems they are going back to its source, turning it into solid coal.

In a world-first breakthrough, a research team led by RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia developed a technique that can convert CO2 back into particles of carbon, decreasing pollution by removing greenhouse gases from our environment.

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Nov 19, 2021

Black hole breakthrough as universe’s 10bn-year-old ‘missing link’ found by astronomers

Posted by in categories: cosmology, innovation

A BLACK HOLE breakthrough has been made after experts spotted what is being dubbed as a “missing link” in understanding the universe.

Nov 16, 2021

Correlation of SARS-CoV-2-breakthrough infections to time-from-vaccine

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, innovation

The short-term effectiveness of a two-dose regimen of the BioNTech/Pfizer mRNA BNT162b2 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine was widely demonstrated. However, long term effectiveness is still unknown. Leveraging the centralized computerized database of Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), we assessed the correlation between time-from-vaccine and incidence of breakthrough infection between June 1 and July 27, the date of analysis. After controlling for potential confounders as age and comorbidities, we found a significant 1.51 fold (95% CI, 1.38−1.66) increased risk for infection for early vaccinees compared to those vaccinated later that was similar across all ages groups. The increased risk reached 2.26-fold (95% CI, 1.80−3.01) when comparing those who were vaccinated in January to those vaccinated in April. This preliminary finding of vaccine waning as a factor of time from vaccince should prompt further investigations into long-term protection against different strains.


The duration of effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is not yet known. Here, the authors present preliminary evidence of BNT162b2 vaccine waning across all age groups above 16, with a higher incidence of infection in people who received their second dose early in 2021 compared to later in the year.

Nov 15, 2021

Intel commemorate 50 years of 4004 microprocessor

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

What’s New: Today, Intel celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Intel® 4,004, the world’s first commercially available microprocessor. With its launch in November 1971, the 4,004 paved the path for modern microprocessor computing – the “brains” that make possible nearly every modern technology, from the cloud to the edge. Microprocessors enable the convergence of the technology superpowers – ubiquitous computing, pervasive connectivity, cloud-to-edge infrastructure and artificial intelligence – and create a pace of innovation that is moving faster today than ever.

“This year marks the 50th anniversary of the 4,004 chip. Think of how much we’ve accomplished in the past half-century. This is a sacred moment for technology. This is what made computing really take off!” –Pat Gelsinger, Intel CEO

Why It’s Important: The 4,004 is the pioneer microprocessor, and its success proved that it was possible to build complex integrated circuits and fit them on a chip the size of a fingernail. Its invention also established a new random logic design methodology, one that subsequent generations of microprocessors would be built upon, before evolving to create the chips found in today’s modern devices.

Nov 13, 2021

Tiny chip provides a big boost in precision optics

Posted by in categories: computing, innovation

“If you want to measure something with very high precision, you almost always use an , because light makes for a very precise ruler,” says Jaime Cardenas, assistant professor of optics at the University of Rochester.

Now, the Cardenas Lab has created a way to make these optical workhorses even more useful and sensitive. Meiting Song, a Ph.D. student, has for the first time packaged an experimental way of amplifying interferometric signals—without a corresponding increase in extraneous, unwanted input, or “noise”—on a 1 mm by 1 mm integrated photonic . The breakthrough, described in Nature Communications, is based on a theory of weak value amplification with waveguides that was developed by Andrew Jordan, a professor of physics at Rochester, and students in his lab.

Nov 13, 2021

Argeo selects Eelume autonomous snake robot for underwater inspection

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

It reduces the operational carbon footprint while making inspections more efficient and cost-effective.

Nov 12, 2021

Passive-aggressive: New coil stands ready to tame runaway electrons

Posted by in categories: innovation, nuclear energy

In the race toward practical fusion energy, tokamaks (donut-shaped plasma devices) are the leading concept—they have achieved better confinement and higher plasma temperatures than any other configuration. Two major magnetic fields are used to contain the plasma: a toroidal field (along the axes of the donut) produced by external coils and the field from a ring current flowing in the plasma itself. The performance of a tokamak, however, comes with an Achilles heel—the possibility of disruptions, a sudden termination of the plasma driven by instabilities in the plasma current. Since the plasma current provides the equilibrium and confinement for the tokamak, the challenge of taming disruptions must be addressed and solved.

As the magnitudes of the plasma current and plasma energy increase, disruptions can cause more damage. As such, they are a particularly important concern for the newest and most powerful machines, such as the SPARC . SPARC is a compact, high-magnetic– tokamak under design and in the early stages of construction by a joint team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Commonwealth Fusion Systems. The SPARC plasma is predicted to produce more than 10 times the power than is required to maintain its 250 million F temperatures. All tokamaks of this performance class must develop strategies to protect the machine against disruptions.

A solution, however, may be in hand. Prompted by a theoretical idea from Prof. Allen Boozer of Columbia University, the SPARC design includes an innovative new structure which promises fully passive protection from the threat of runaway electrons.

Nov 11, 2021

Artificial intelligence learns to talk back

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

A long-term fallout of the Covid crisis has been the rise of the contactless enterprise, in which customers, and likely employees, interact with systems to get what they need or request. This means a pronounced role for artificial intelligence and machine learning, or conversational AI, which add the intelligence needed to deliver superior customer or employee experience.

Deloitte analysts recently analyzed patents in the area of conversational AI to assess the direction of the technology and the market — and the technology has been fast developing. “Rapid adoption of conversational AI will likely be underpinned by innovations in the various steps of chatbot development that have the potential to hasten the creation and training of chatbots and enable them to efficiently handle complex requests — with a personal touch,” the analyst team, led by Deloitte’s Sherry Comes, observes.

Conversational AI is a ground-breaking application for AI, agrees Chris Hausler, director of data science for Zendesk. “Organizations saw a massive 81% increase in customer interactions with automated bots last year, and no doubt these will continue to be key to delivering great experiences.”

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Nov 10, 2021

Tech inventors from around the world compete in Qatar

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

Inventors from more than 40 countries are in Qatar for the week-long Challenge and Innovation Forum on technology.
Super computers, cloud technology and robots are among the innovations on display.
Al Jazeera’s Victoria Gatenby reports from Doha.

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Nov 7, 2021

Artificial intelligence may cause breakthrough to improve weapons’ parameters — Putin

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

Putin stressed that the work on a unified system of reference data for shaping the program was already underway at the Ministry.

“The key task here is to ensure the weapon systems and equipment that will be manufactured and supplied to the armed forces under this program should reliably protect Russia from potential threats,” he concluded.

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